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Friday, April 17, 2020 | History

2 edition of Zero tillage development in tropical Brazil found in the catalog.

Zero tillage development in tropical Brazil

John N. Landers

Zero tillage development in tropical Brazil

the story of a successful NGO activity

by John N. Landers

  • 15 Want to read
  • 14 Currently reading

Published by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in Rome .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • No-tillage.,
  • Conservation tillage.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby John N. Landers.
    SeriesFAO agricultural services bulletin -- 147.
    ContributionsFood and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxi, 57 p. :
    Number of Pages57
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL16032025M
    ISBN 109251046727

    THE KEYLINE SYSTEM AND ITS STORY The Keyline system has changed only slightly from my father, P.A, Yeomans’ original books on Keyline. The main change started in the late s with our work on developing a ripper with almost zero disturbance of soil layer profiles. The modern subsoiler was born and highly accelerated Keyline soil Continue reading 8. Yeomans . There are now many resources and programs available to farmers who wish to transition and move forward with no-tillage farming. Cons of no-tillage farming. Special Machinery is Required; No-tillage farming may require special machinery such as a “no-till drill” to drill through crop residue. Such equipment can cost more than $,[sc:1]. Integrated crop-livestock zero tillage systems allow for the sustainable production of high-yielding pasture without further deforestation; in this system, grazing livestock convert both pastures and crop residues into cash. The ability of pasture to build up the fertility and biological activity of the topsoil is well known. BRAZIL: New Forest Code Could Hinder Climate Goals. For landholdings located in the Cerrado tropical savanna region within what is known as the “Amazônia Legal” (which covers nine of Brazil’s 26 states), 35 percent of forested land must be preserved, while 20 percent must be set aside as legal reserves in the rest of the country.


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Zero tillage development in tropical Brazil by John N. Landers Download PDF EPUB FB2

The analysis as to why the research system had been slow to respond to the needs of tropical Zero Tillage - outlined earlier in Box 3 - was presented to the workshop. Further support for ZT promotion was generated by collaboration with ABEAS 2 and inby the University of Brasilia in the first graduate level correspondence course in Zero.

Request PDF | Zero Tillage development in tropical Brazil - the story of a successful NGO activity | Landers, J.N. () Case Study: Zero Tillage development in tropical Brazil.

Zero tillage development in tropical Brazil: the story of a successful NGO activity Author: John N Landers ; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. The technological evolution and the expansion of Zero Tillage (ZT) in Brazil has been farmer-led. Its growth has been phenomenal, as shown in Figure 1.

It will be noted from the graph that the tropical Cerrado region lagged behind the initial development in South Brazil. Zero Tillage is the main element among several that make up what FAO terms Conservation Agriculture (CA).

Although CA uses some specific practices, and may also use external inputs, it is in essence an agricultural concept that conserves and enhances soil fertility, improves the availability of soil moisture, and increases the soil's biological resources. Brazilian National Zero Tillage Federation CAAPAS.

Network of National Associations for Sustainable Agriculture in the Americas CAT. Clube Amigos da Terra (Friends of the Land Club) CIRAD. French Institute for International Agricultural Research CT.

Conventional Tillage Embrapa. Brazilian National Agricultural Research Organization FAO. In this Case Study, John Landers, a No-Tillage expert working in the Cerrado region in Brazil, explains and discusses the human dimension of the introduction of the No-Tillage system in a tropical part of Brazil.

The Environment and Zero-Tillage. The English edition of this book was inspired and principally funded by the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO).

The diversity of the chapter authors implies a certain amount of repetition of basic principles. Another very interesting development in Brazil is the creation of Integrated Crop Livestock Zero Tillage -ICLZT []. Millions of hectares of nutrientdepleted, degraded pasture lands were marginally productive and the costs of renovation by incorporation of.

J.T. Sims, P.A. Vadas, in Encyclopedia of Soils in the Environment, Conservation Tillage, Contour Cultivation, and Deep Plowing. Conservation tillage, such as stubble mulch tillage, minimum tillage, reduced tillage, and no-tillage, leaves at least 30% of the soil surface covered by plant residue after planting to reduce erosion and surface runoff.

Introduction. Phosphorus (P) is an essential fertilizer element to maintain or increase the productivity of cropped ecosystems (Condron and Newman,Johnston et al., ).However, recent and predicted future increases in P fertilizer costs, linked to increasing global P demand and declining reserves of mineable phosphate rock (PR) (Cordell et al., Cited by: The accumulation of soil organic matter and therefore soil carbon is, however, restricted to the upper 10 cm of the soil.

By comparison with ploughing, no car- bon benefi t or even carbon defi cits have been found at soil depths below 20 cm. No-till makes little or no con- tribution to carbon sequestration in Size: 2MB. Called direct drilling, no-tillage or zero tillage (ZT), the technique is in part praised for fixing carbon in the soil, thereby reducing the amount of carbon dioxide — a greenhouse gas — released into the air.

It also prevents soil erosion and therefore demands less irrigation. Scaling-Up the Impact of Good Practices in Rural Development APPENDIX 3 SCALING-UP ZERO-TILLAGE FARMING IN BRAZIL AND PARAGUAY APPENDIX 4 SCALING-UP EXPERIENCES OF TWO SUSTAINABLE ATSAF Council for Tropical and Sub-Tropical Agricultural Research (Germany).

Because of cost reductions and soil erosion control, no-tillage is being rapidly adopted by farmers in the Americas, particularly in the humid and sub-humid tropics. Compared to conventional tillage (tillage operations resulting in <30% cover of plant residue remaining on the surface), no-tillage combined with crop rotation involving cover crops increases soil Cited by: The transformation of agriculture in Brazil through development and adoption of zero tillage conservation agriculture.

International Soil and Water Conservation Research, v. Yield increases in Brazil as the result of no-till were recorded as % for maize and 27% for soya.

4 The productivity of soybeans on large-scale farms has tended to increase with time under no-till in comparison to conventional tillage.

21 In Brazil before the introduction of no-till systems. ZT/CA has now become the most important technological revolution in the history of tropical agriculture in Brazil. FAO estimates that worldwide adoption of Zero Tillage reached million hectares inwith million hectares in all regions of Brazil in Cited by: Sincea network of 42 «Clubes Amigos da Terra»(CATs) and similar farmer organizations has been developed in the Cerrado tropical wet/dry savannah region of Brazil.

The essential characteristics of these are that they are solely for the promotion of Zero Tillage as a sustainable system of by: 6. The economic values of the principal impacts of Zero Tillage have been estimated for the principal agricultural states of Brazil where ZT is concentrated.

Only values of direct use (corresponding approximately to the on-farm values) and Cited by: 9. Soil management under no-tillage systems in the tropics with special reference to Brazil Pedro L.O.

de A. Machado∗ & Carlos A. Silva Embrapa Solos, Rua Jardim Botânico, CEPRio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil∗Author for correspond-ence (e-mail: [email protected]) Received 21 September ; accepted in revised form 30 May   Over half of Brazil’s food production now uses zero tillage systems and it is expanding in Canada and Australia.

A small group of UK farmers have shown that it can work well in the UK. In view of the severity of the problems, the availability of solutions and the opportunities for public intervention, we strongly recommend that the new.

Effects of Zero Tillage (No-Till) Conservation Agriculture on soil physical and biological properties and their contributions to sustainability John N.

Landers (1), Gerard Rass (2), Pedro L. de Freitas (3), Gottlieb Basch (4), Emilio J. González Sanchez (5). Compared to conventional tillage (tillage operations resulting in tillage combined with crop rotation involving cover crops increases soil organic matter content, whilst improving soil fertility.

This was mostly evident at 0–5 cm by:   The Brazilian government aims at augmenting the area cropped under no-tillage (NT) from 32 to 40 million ha by as a means to mitigate CO2 emissions. We estimated soil carbon (C) sequestration Cited by: No-tillage, zero-tillage, direct seeding, direct drilling, plantio direto in Brazil and siembra directa in Spanish speaking countries, is the most rapidly growing Conservation Agriculture practice.

Intensification of rainfed agriculture in the Ethiopian highlands has resulted in soil degradation and hardpan formation, which has reduced rooting depth, decreased deep percolation, and increased direct runoff and sediment transport.

The main objective of this study was to assess the potential impact of subsoiling on surface runoff, sediment loss, soil water content, infiltration rate, and Author: Misbah Abidela Hussein, Habtamu Muche, Petra Schmitter, Prossie Nakawuka, Seifu A.

Tilahun, Simon La. Two studies performed in the tropical central savanna region of Brazil (Centurion et al.,Corazza et al., ) showed that while soil C stocks under ZT were higher than under CT in the surface 0–20 or 0–30 cm depth intervals, when sampling was extended to cm depth these differences disappeared due to lower C content in the 30 Cited by: AfDB launches pilot programme to cultivate the savannah in eight African countries Oct The savannahs of Africa cover a mind-boggling million hectares, of which million hectares are cultivable, the President of the African Development Bank, Akinwumi Adesina, has.

In the s the largest expansion of no-tillage in Brazil (Figure 2) occurred in the Cerrados (savannas of North Central Brazil with only one growing season per year), due to the extensive work of APDC (No- till Association of the Cerrados), which organised the fifth and sixth national no- till conference in Goiania and Brasilia in and.

No-till farming (also known as zero tillage or direct drilling) is an agricultural technique for growing crops or pasture without disturbing the soil through -till farming decreases the amount of soil erosion tillage causes in certain soils, especially in sandy and dry soils on sloping terrain.

Other possible benefits include an increase in the amount of water that infiltrates into. Saturnino HM, Landers JN () The Environment and Zero Tillage; APDC-FAO, Brasilia, Brazil UDC /, CDD Baig MN, Gamache PM () The Economic, Agronomic and Environmental Impact of No-Till on the Canadian Prairies.

Alberta Reduced Tillage Linkages. Canada. Author: Theodor Friedrich, Amir Kassam. who has adopted zero-tillage (CIMMYT)while maintaining harvests and protecting the environment.

Planting without ploughing: zero-till wheat takes root. Key fact: Innovative partnerships among researchers, farmers, and other actors in the agricultural value chainhave enabled the adoption of zero-tillage to sow wheat after rice on nearly 2File Size: KB.

You asked me about my opinion on the critical paper on Conservation Agriculture (CA) written by Giller et al. and to be published in ‘Field Crops Research’.

The no-tillage development in Brazil is a proof of this. If today there are Million ha (80% of the cropping area) of no-till in the State of Paraná and 25 Million ha in Brazil. Nowadays, in a context of climate change, economical uncertainties and social pressure to mitigate agriculture externalities, farmers have to adopt new cropping systems to achieve a sustainable and cost-effective grain production.

Conservation agriculture consists of a range of cropping systems based on a combination of three main principles: (1) soil tillage Cited by: Furthermore, the adoption of no-till farming (zero tillage) has the advantage over conventional tillage being the increased sequestration of carbon in the soil (57 g C m −2 year −1) (West and Post, ).

In conservation tillage, some (>30%) of the crop residue is left on the land. CQESTR simulates the effect of management practices on soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks.

The beta version of the model had been calibrated and validated for temperate regions. Our objective was to evaluate the CQESTR model performance for simulating carbon dynamics as affected by tillage practices in two tropical soils (Ultisol and Oxisol) in southeastern and northeastern by: Landers J.

Zero tillage development in tropical Brazil: The story of a successful NGO activity, Soil carbon stocks under no-tillage mulch-based cropping systems in the Brazilian Cerrado: an on-farm synchronic assessment. Soil Till. Res.– ().Cited by: The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design with three replications.

All five varieties of garlic were sown on 17 December under zero tillage condition. BARI Roshun-1 gave the highest number of bulb/m2 (57), pseudostem height (37 cm), weight of individual bulb ( g) and bulb yield ( t/ha). Aggregate C depletion by plowing and its restoration by diverse biomass-C inputs under no-till in sub-tropical and tropical regions of Brazil Soil and Tillage Research A decade of land use contributes to changes in the chemistry, biochemistry and bacterial community structures of soils in the Cerrado Antonie van Leeuwenhoek.

Notes on contributors. Dr. Moti Jaleta is an agricultural economist working at the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT). His research areas of interest include adoption and impacts assessment of improved agricultural technologies and practices with special focus on maize and wheat, crop-livestock interactions and their implications on the Author: Moti Jaleta, Frédéric Baudron, Branka Krivokapic-Skoko, Olaf Erenstein.A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Names: Dror, Iddo, editor.

Title: Innovation platforms for agricultural development/edited by Iddo Dror, Jean-Joseph Cadilhon, Marc Schut, Michael Misiko and Shreya Maheshwari.The African Development Bank (AfDB) has determined that the African Savannah can support the production of maize, soybean, and livestock transforming the continent into a .